Power Management Solutions for Optical Transceivers

Micro DC/DC Converter Modules for

Optical Transceivers and Active Optical Cables

Optical Transceivers convert electrical data signals into blinking laser light which is then transmitted over an optical fibre.  Optical transceivers have detachable optical connector to disconnect the fibre from the transceiver.  Active Optical Cables (AOC) bond the fibre connection inside the transceiver end, creating a complete cable assembly.

Optical transceivers and AOC are commonly used for high-speed data communications and they normally conform to industry-standard form factors. Two popular AOC configurations are discussed in more detail below.

These industry-standard form factors dictate that designers often need to incorporate multiple power supply rails into a small physical space.  As a result, power efficiency and heat dissipation become very important topics. Furthermore the latest optical transceiver chipsets also demand supplies with low output noise performance and excellent transient response.

 

QSFP-100G Optical Transceivers

QSFP stands for four-lane Quad Small Form factor Pluggable system. The QSFP28 variant allows speeds up to 100 Gbit/s and the closely related QSFP56 doubles the top speed to 200 Gbit/s.

Simpler QSFP28 designs often use non-return-to-zero modulation (NRZ) and normally an additional DSP and extra negative voltage rail is not required. However, QSFP56 designs typically use
4-level Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM4) and NRZ so an additional negative voltage rail is often required for the EML (electro-absorption modulated laser).

A typical QSFP-100G block diagram is illustrated below:

 

 

Fig.1: Typical Optical Transceiver circuit configuration (QSFP-100G).

 

QSFP-DD Optical Transceivers

QSFP-DD is a module and cage/connector system like the QSFP above, but it includes an additional row of contacts providing for an eight-lane electrical interface. It provides solutions up to 200 Gbps or 400 Gbps aggregate and typically uses PAM4 as well as NRZ modulation.

Typically, QSFP-DD designs include an additional Digital Signal Processor (DSP) for PAM4 and an additional negative voltage rail for the EML is normally required.

A typical QSFP-DD block diagram is illustrated below:

 


 
Fig.2: Typical Optical Transceiver circuit configuration (QSFP-DD).

 

Solutions Overview

TOSA (Transmitter Optical Sub Assembly)

TX CDR (Transmitter Clock Data Recovery)

EML Driver (Electro-absorption Modulator Laser Driver)

EML (Electro-absorption Modulator Laser)

 

XCL223 / XCL219 - Step-Down Micro DC/DC with Integrated Coil and Hi-SAT COT

  • Small and low height package (XCL223, h = 0.75 mm max.)
  • High speed transient response, Low noise
    • VIN: 2.5 V to 5.5 V
    • VOUT: 0.8 V to 3.6 V
    • IOUT max: 700 mA (XCL223) / 1.0 A (XCL219)

 

XCL303 - Negative Output Voltage Micro DC/DC with Integrated Coil

  • Suitable negative voltage supply for Laser Driver and EA
  • Low ripple, good for Laser stability
  • Small, Low noise
    • VIN: 2.7 V to 5.5 V
    • VOUT: -1.2 V to -6.0 V
    • IOUT max: 300 mA @ VOUT = -3.3 V, VIN = 3.3 V

 

TEC (Thermo Electric Cooler)

ROSA (Receiver Optical Sub Assembly)

 

XCL102 - Step-Up Micro DC/DC with Integrated Coil

For when > 3.3 V is required to suppress laser temperature drift

  • Small size
  • Low Output Ripple
    • VIN: 0.65 V to 5.5 V
    • VOUT: 2.2 V to 5.5 V
    • IOUT max: 500 mA @ VOUT = 5.0 V, VIN = 3.3 V

 

DSP (Digital Signal Processor)

PAM4 (Pulse Amplitude Modulation)

PHY (PHYsical layer)

 

XCL213 - 1.5 A Hi-SAT COT Step-Down Micro DC/DC with Integrated Coil
For DSP and microprocessor core Voltage

  • High speed transient response Hi-SAT COT control
  • Low profile module (h = 1.0 mm) including Integrated Coil
    • VIN: 2.7 V to 5.5 V
    • VOUT: 0.8 V to 3.6 V
    • IOUT max: 1.5 A

 

XC9266 - 6.0 A Hi-SAT COT Step-Down DC/DC
For DSP core, low voltage

  • High speed transient response Hi-SAT COT control
  • For low height of module (h = 1.0 mm)
    • VIN: 2.7 V to 5.5 V
    • VOUT: 0.6 V to 3.6 V
    • IOUT max: 6.0 A

 

Power on Reset to monitor 3.3 V rail

 

XC6127 - Voltage detector with Delay

  • Small size
  • High accuracy
    • VIN: 0.7 V to 6.0 V
    • Detect voltage: 1.5 V to 5.5 V
    • Selectable Delay Time
       

 

Samples of all the Torex IC mentioned above are readily available, so please ask your local Torex representative for details or contact us directly.